Meet the Data

By tracking how Canada and its international peers perform on more than 30 inclusive innovation variables, we aim to provide the data and identify gaps to help policymakers develop targeted policies and programs that provide better access to the benefits of innovation as they relate to our three pillars: opportunities, activities, and outcomes.

The resources or conditions that support innovation—and who has access.
The pursuits and processes that foster innovation—and who is participating.
The results of innovative activity—and who is benefiting.


From post-secondary attainment to public spending on research and the availability of both debt and venture capital (VC) financing, which resources or conditions support innovation—and who has access to them?


From technology adoption to R&D spending and product development activities, which pursuits and processes foster innovation—and who is participating?

Labour Force

The primary way that individuals participate in the innovation economy is through employment. By studying labour force statistics and trends in the economy and key sectors we gain a clearer picture of who is included and excluded in the innovation economy as workers.


From decent incomes, financial mobility and wealth distribution to broad measures like GDP and productivity, what are the results of innovative activity—and who is benefiting?


A wage is the compensation we receive in exchange for work. Examining differences in wages across regions and demographic characteristics adds further granularity to our understanding of who benefits and who is left behind in Canada’s innovation economy.

Income Distribution and Mobility

Aggregate productivity and economic growth tell us nothing about how the gains from innovation are distributed. Who benefits and who is left behind in an innovation economy? These metrics examine income distribution, poverty, and intergenerational mobility in a global perspective.

© Inclusive Innovation Monitor 2021